Aliansi Petani Indonesia

SIMAKRAMA SEKAHA TANI Jembrana

Consolidation Farmers Jembrana to Build Marketing In Order To Boost Cocoa Value Chain in Jembrana

The event was held at the Village Hall Tukadaya, on 19 – 20 May 2012 aimed at, first, the increasing role of Sekaha Tani Jembrana (STJ) as a platform for farmer groups and farmers in Jembrana District in connection with the production, marketing of agricultural products and partnerships; second, to identify issues of cocoa, from the cultivation, processing, and marketing. Third, look for the problem-solving solutions. And lastly, the strategy to realize the partnership between farmers, government and employers cocoa.

The event began with a welcome from the chairman of the committee, I Gusti Made Chakra. In his explanation, I Gusti said that the price of cocoa at the farm level is still low. Further, I Gusti said that STJ aims to bridge the cocoa farmers with employers through “Simakrama”.

Further explanation is given by the Chairman of the Board of Farmers API, Mudzakir. Mr. Mudakir describes the potential of cocoa in Jembrana. Cocoa land area of ??350 hectares, the production capacity per acre in 2008, 1.5 tons. Cocoa could be a superior product with an income per week up to 1.5 million rupiah. But now production fell below 1 tonne, even going land conversion.

To promote the spirit of cocoa farmers, Mudzakir describing the opportunities that exist in the magnitude of Jembrana budget of Rp. 600 billion. In the meantime, the Business of Cocoa current one is willing to facilitate the marketing of cocoa, so there will be opportunities to increase production

How to build together cocoa production in Jembrana? Council of the stakeholders that play a role in promoting the achievement of cocoa farmers. Why Jembrana cocoa in decline, but Jembrana is one pilot project of cocoa. Build from the upstream to downstream, including inviting entrepreneurs to establish partnerships that cocoa farmers increase production again.

In his speech, members of Parliament of Jembrana, from Commission B, stated very serious attention to the problems of agriculture, because the PAD contribute to Jembrana. If you can build a chocolate factory, it will be profitable (PAD) for the region and farmers. But it was not easy. Hopefully keep API assist farmers. Also expected to empower Subak Abian without having to form a new group.

Hopefully there is input to the board to be delivered in the council meeting. As a tourism, Jembrana potential to develop cocoa and other types. During these needs supplied from Java. Hopefully agriculture can contribute more in Jembrana district.

Head of Department of Agriculture speech about Implementation of community economy; agriculture in the broad sense – the increased purchasing power of farmers. Lately there is a problem; production and marketing so as to make the spirit of farmers decreased.

The government appreciates STJ and API initiatives to address issues of cocoa farmers in the district Jembrana cocoa plant that spirit again. Opportunities exist, just need to standardize quality as requested by the employer.

In the event the principal, head of the Department of Agriculture and Plantation of Jembrana District, Mr. Ketut Wiratma, which presented the theme Instruments and Policy Development of Government Services in Cocoa Production (Production, PHT, Handling Post-Production) in Jembrana District, states that there are 3 (three) areas handled, one of them is plantation.

Baca juga  Consolidation Farmers Union of Lumajang

On the farm there is a term flagship commodities, one of which is cocoa; farm there in terms of strategic commodities. There are 150 Subak Abian in Jembrana. Potential Plantation 26 (cloves, coconut, cocoa, vanilla, cotton). In the forestry there is term people forestry, which in practice is not in accordance with the department of agriculture and plantation program.

Conditions cocoa initially quite good, the weekly income is enough to send children to school and buy a motorcycle. But since 2008, a decline in production due to pest and disease that begins land-uses. Currently there is a national movement to improve the quality and production of cocoa.

Until now be done with a simple cocoa production, farmers harvest, then sell it in a simple process. Even worse, there are selling Cocoa when not harvesting (bonded) so that farmers do not have a high selling price. Bonded systems occur because farmers trapped in demand, so selling in a weak position.

To overcome this, the Government took the initiative to help the region, one that is done is a certification program, facilitated by the K5Jari that help improve cultivation, connect with employers, and helps certification. Certificate was out but the product does not exist. In the 2012 budget allocated 50 million per year for the treatment of pests and diseases and 94 million dollars for intensification. While there is a national movement of state budget amounted to 900 million dollars.

Mr Kiki from Bumi Tangerang Cocoa Singaraja Tbk describes the processing of cocoa beans into butter and others. Production in the first year to reach 100 thousand tons. Indonesia is the third largest producer in the world, but the quality is below standard.

Therefore, Bumi Tbk invites fermenting cocoa farmers. Until now there has been cooperation with farmer groups in Tabanan. In Jembrana, have worked with “Subak Karya Darma Bakti “. Other forms of cooperation are fostering Subak, bringing a team from Sulawesi that quality rises (according SNI). \

Besides setting up facilities for making cocoa from farmers. Difference in raw cocoa with cocoa fermentation reach 2000 per kg. cocoa from Jembrana be up to 350 thousand tons.

While Muhammad Nur Uddin explained the importance of farmers’ organizations to consolidate so that farmers have high bargaining power. API has consistently tried to help the development of the organization; aquaculture production and working with a third party. In addition, organizations are advised farmers to form a “Koperasi” so that the chain could be more organized. It is important to maintain price stability.

Furthermore, after the completion of the discussion, on the second day has been formulated steps forward to improve the ability of farmers.

Solution key activity
Institutional;1. Sharing with other groups, PPL, business, agriculture office, members of the Council (Commission B)

2. There needs to be an association of farmers

1. Conduct regular meetings with members of the STJ

2. Make the annual work program; replanting, land mapping, training organization

3. Establish partnerships; farmers, government and business (in 2012); meetings, visits to the earth pt tangerang

4. Identify actors / actors; members of the group, the group, STJ, API, government (agencies, extension workers), employers, competitors, middlemen

5. Target to build sustainable relationships between actors / actor among supporters

6. Contact person board of each group, email,

7. Creating an information center for farmers

 

1. Regular meetings with members of the STJ2. Make the annual work program; replanting, land mapping, training organization

3. Establish partnerships; farmers, government and business (in 2012); meetings, visits to the Bumi Tangerang Tbk.

4. Identify actors / actors; members of the group, the group, STJ, API, government (agencies, extension workers), employers, competitors, middlemen

5. Target to build sustainable relationships between actors / actor among supporters

6. Contact person board of each group, email,

7. Creating an information center for farmers

Production;1. Seeding with local seeds (bud grafting)

2. Rehabilitation plant

3. Intensification

4. Infrastructure procurement

5. Procurement of spray equipment, fertilizer, drugs

6. The use of agricultural technologies

7. consultation with farmers and institutions

8. Training and development of the department of agriculture

9. Conducting comparative studies

10. Commitment with members of the group in terms of the use of cash

11. The existence of credit to farmers (flower light / soft)

1. Maximum yield and market quality standards (from 3 kw in 2012 to 8 kw in 2013)

2. Cultivation implement correctly, include: land clearing of weeds that interfere, trimming, fertilizing with organic fertilizers, spraying regularly with biourine

3. Rehabilitation plant

4. Improving farmers’ knowledge about the culture – education of farmers (target th 2012) and a comparative study – the target year 2012

5. Procurement of production facilities

 

Marketing;1. Forming a joint marketing by establishing “cooperative” in each village, formed by Subak abian UUP / farmer groups

2. Need to strengthen the group’s capital

3. Need to approach middlemen; Tengkulak should go to the group, the group asked for a fee

4. commitment made tender.

5. Farmers need to be trained

6. Need to partner with the buyer; deal of quality, as well as a commitment must be made

 

1. Formatting cocoa cooperatives as a means of marketing the farmer

2. ICS Learning – quality control in order to control the grain quality standards; moisture, mildew, dirt, seed weight

3. Increasing the role of women, in marketing

4. Education of farmer groups; Training collective marketing, post-harvest processing (preferably women).

 

Partnership;1. Establish partnerships with buyers who want to do the training and guidance to farmers, certification and get the price certainty of the buyer.

2. Comparative studies

1. Assistance by the buyer;

2. Training; ICS, post-production processing and pest control;

3. Cooperation agreement with the government, private sector and research

4. Comparative studies

1. Assistance by the buyer;

2. Training; ICS, post-production processing and pest control;

3. Cooperation agreement with the government, private sector and research

4. comparative studies

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